Land users in a region often rely on the same land, water and forest resources. Decisions made to increase production in a single sector without effective coordination with other users are likely to have negative impacts on the overall availability of resources. With a growing pressure on natural resources, there is a real danger of depletion and deforestation. In order to mitigate this risk, IDH has developed a three-pronged approach, Production, Protection & Inclusion approach (PPI approach), to invest in sustainable landscape management. Download our Landscape Approaches Brochure to find out more.

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Increasing the productivity of farmers in a sustainable way, so they yield more from the same land. This, combined with a diversification of farmers’ sources of income, improves their livelihoods and reduces the incentive to convert native forests into arable land. This is the first step to the establishment of ‘verified sourcing areas’ where agriculture production is de-linked from deforestation, therefore supporting companies’ commitments to sourcing deforestation-free products.


Putting in place measures to conserve forests and other natural resources. Measures include supporting local governments enforce forest protection laws, implementing deforestation monitoring systems, capacity building projects to communities, and providing conditional loans or tax reductions to farmers in exchange for protection.


Improving livelihoods of farmers and forest-dependent communities, and thereby reducing their incentives to encroach forests. This is done, among other things, by diversifying income sources and creating local ownership through participatory land use planning.

How PPI approach works

PPI approach involves working both at the national or global level as well as on the ground. IDH does this through a number of key interventions: green growth planning, PPI compacts, landscape governance and creating linkages to market. Read more about each of these interventions below or download our Landscape Approaches Brochure for case study examples.

Landscape Approach

Regional or provincial governments in many of our landscapes have economic growth targets as well as targets to reduce deforestation/natural resource depletion in their jurisdictions. We help them develop and implement green growth plans to achieve these commitments. Green growth strategies are based on analysis of the environment and socio-economic effects of different growth scenarios of the agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors. And they include sustainable land-use management planning and creating an enabling policy environment.

Across the landscapes we develop PPI compacts. These are agreements between public, private and civil society stakeholders to make land more productive and improve livelihoods, in exchange for protection of natural resources, most notably forests. Conditional derisking funds help unlock additional investments in more productive land use, forest protection measures and/or alternative livelihoods for forest dependent communities.

Landscape Approach

Each PPI compact area needs to become economically self-sustaining and self-governing, with roles and responsibilities for public and private sectors, independent monitoring as well as practical implementation of laws and regulations. PPI compacts clearly define the land to be protected, targets for the three components of the project (Production, Protection and Inclusion), a time-bound action plan, roles and responsibilities, a budget for implementation, and a monitoring system to track progress. These are agreed and signed off by the multi-stakeholder coalition, and recognized by local and national governments – shared ownership is key.

We make the link between market demand and production areas. We do this by convening the supply chain and working towards the creation of verified sourcing areas, which provide clear market incentives. We work with brands/retailers/traders to develop supply chain models that recognize (and reward) production with protection by land users at jurisdictional level (beyond the farm gate).


Read more about the IDH landscape program here.

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Title Type Year Regions TAF
European Soy Monitor 2021 Report 2023 Europe Landscapes Program
Initiative for Sustainable Landscapes (ISLA) Annual Report 2022 Report 2023 Africa, Asia, Latin American Landscapes Program
JBS and IDH ramp up Brazilian Sustainable Production of Calves traceability partnership to register 1 million animals by 2025 Other publications 2022 Latin American -
European Soy Monitor Report Report 2022 Europe Landscapes Program
LDN TAF 2nd Learning Brief on Sustainable Land Management Report 2022 Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin American LDN
Learning from Landscapes Report 2022 Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin American Landscapes Program

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